Anaphylaxis- recognition and management

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Key information

Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency

Treatment of an anaphylactic reaction should be based on general life support principles:

  • Use the Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Disability, Exposure (ABCDE*) approach to
    recognise and treat problems
  • Call for help early (2222 for main hospital services or 999 for Resource Centres, community settings – including a patients home, LD residential settings and satellite units such as Birdston Nursing Home)
  • Treat the greatest threat to life first
  • Initial treatments should not be delayed by the lack of a complete history or definite
    diagnosis

Patients having an anaphylactic reaction in any setting should expect the following as a
minimum:

  • Recognition that they are seriously unwell
  • An early call for help
  • Initial assessment and treatments based on an ABCDE* approach
  • Adrenaline therapy if indicated
  • Investigation and follow-up by an allergy specialist

See full guidance for further information on recognition and management.

Editorial Information

Last reviewed: 28 August 2019

Next review: 31 March 2022

Version: 1

Approved By: Mental Health Quality & Care Clinical Governance Group

Reviewer Name(s): Andrew Walker, Suzanne Burke